Workers and employees face various safety threats in the construction and heavy-lifting industry. Some construction accidents have been so disastrous, that these are still etched in public memory. Accidents are caused by safety hazards such as collapsing cranes, chemical exposures, misuse of machinery, etc (Amerisure Insights, “BUILDING ON DISASTER: FOUR CONSTRUCTION ACCIDENTS THAT SHOOK THE WORLD”, 2015). The risks of life and property can be decreased with the use of proper heavy lifting equipment.
Hence, organizations that engage in construction should ensure that installation and use of machinery and onsite operations are conducted in a safe manner. There are various measures that could be taken where it comes to handling heavy machinery. The International Labour Organization (ILO) proposes various codes and regulations that apply on a global scale where the safe and healthy use of machinery is concerned (ILO, “SAFETY AND HEALTH IN THE USE OF MACHINERY”, 2013). Mentioned below are a few important aspects of this set of codes and regulations:
Manufacturers must design machinery to be safe and must eliminate hazards. They must also adhere to national laws and regulations, as well as provide relevant certification and documentation pertaining to the machinery they produce. Another important responsibility of manufacturers is foreseeing sources of risks and hazards. These must then be included in the operation guidelines document of equipments. Calculating risks and providing customers with preventative and protective methods is also crucial.
The safe and correct installation of machinery is the responsibility of manufacturers as well as employers and users. Equipment and machinery can be bought in a pre-assembled state but would still need to be inspected by businesses before use. Onsite assembly and installation must be overseen by trained representatives of the customer and the manufacturer. Businesses must select and purchase machinery with care. This means that inspecting the equipments, checking for errors or faults, understanding use and installation guidelines, etc, all fall under the purview of customers and employers.
There are various technical aspects to the use of machinery, in particular heavy lifting equipment such as large cranes and jacks. Organizations and employers must ensure that all employees directly interacting with machinery onsite have adequate training and experience in the safe and correct use of machinery. For example, a piece of equipment must never be overloaded, even if it might be able to bear the load. Training and orienting employees on safe use practices is vital to avoiding accidents onsite. All machinery must undergo regular inspections and maintenance checks. Employees must have a system in place to mark malfunctioning machinery and ensure no one accidently uses it.
Thus, by coordinating with employees and manufacturers, organizations can ensure they eliminate hazards and risks related to the use of heavy machinery. Organizations can approach construction machinery manufacturers for detailed information regarding the safe use of machinery. One such manufacturer dealing in heavy machinery such as cranes, hydraulic lifts, etc, that is used to transfer heavy structure is Bygging-Uddemann.
The above opinions are purely a reflection of the author’s point of view. They do not reflect the position of Bygging-Uddemann.”